The Impact Result Concussion

Symptoms and diagnosis for Concussion
Neuro

By Neurosurgery Singapore

What is a concussion?

A concussion is a traumatic brain injury that affects your brain function. Effects are usually temporary but can include headaches and problems with concentration, memory, balance and coordination.

Concussions are usually caused by a blow to the head. Violently shaking of the head and upper body also can cause concussions.

Some concussions cause you to lose consciousness, but most do not.

What are some symptoms of a concussion?

The signs may include the following:

  • memory problems
  • confusion
  • drowsiness or feeling sluggish
  • dizziness
  • double vision or blurred vision
  • headache
  • nausea or vomiting
  • sensitivity to light or noise
  • balance problems
  • slowed reaction to stimuli
 

The symptoms may begin immediately, or they may not develop for hours, days, weeks, or even months following your injury.

“Concussion keeps the brain from working normally. Symptoms of having it may last less than a day or may linger for months, or longer.”

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What types of diagnosis?

Our Neurologist will ask about the event leading to your head injury, your symptoms and perform a neurological exam. The neurological exam will check your:

    • Neurological function and reflexes.
    • Vision, eye movement, reaction to light.
    • Balance and coordination.
    • Hearing.
    • Strength.
    • Neck muscles for their motion and for tenderness
 

Imaging with CT scan or MRI isn’t always needed in the early evaluation of concussion. This is because most of the effects aren’t seen on imaging. However, these imaging tests might be ordered if more serious effects of a concussion are suspected – like bleeding inside the skull, brain swelling or spinal cord or cervical spine injury – or if symptoms are worsening.

Can a concussion cause jaw pain?

Head injuries and concussion can cause pain in your jaw as well as in the bones and muscles of your head, neck and shoulders. Injury to the jaw joint and jaw muscles can sometimes happen after hitting your head. Also, headache can be the result of spasms and inflammation in your jaw muscles following a blow to the jaw.

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